Launch of ICAR's "Shadow" U.S. National Baseline Assessment - Pillar I

Today, ICAR is pleased to release its "Shadow" National Baseline Assessment (NBA) for Pillar I of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) for the United States.

Alongside the release of the NBA, ICAR has also developed a set of 110 recommendations, organized by government entity, for the U.S. government to consider in shaping the content of the U.S. National Action Plan (NAP) on Responsible Business Conduct. These recommendations directly draw from the protection and enforcement gaps identified in Pillar I of the Shadow NBA. The Pillar III section of the Shadow NBA, on access to remedy in the United States, is forthcoming.

Together, these documents represent one of the most exhaustive studies of the various U.S. laws, policies, regulations, and standards that pertain to business and human rights at the national level.

ICAR urges the U.S. government, business groups, investors, and civil society to engage with these tools, add to them, and keep the pressure up to ensure that commitments coming out of the U.S. NAP process are specific, measurable, targeted, and result in follow-up actions.

Pillar I of the shadow NBA is available here.

A separate document with the Pillar I recommendations only is available here.

For more information, visit ICAR's online U.S. NAP portal at or contact Sara Blackwell, ICAR's Legal and Policy Associate, at